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Venous thrombosis and thromboembolism in children: Treatment, prevention, and outcome

Manuela Albisetti, MD
Anthony KC Chan, MBBS, FRCPC, FRCPath
Section Editor
Donald H Mahoney, Jr, MD
Deputy Editor
Carrie Armsby, MD, MPH


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increasingly recognized in the pediatric population as a complication of contemporary health care. Timely diagnosis, treatment, and optimal prophylactic strategies for VTE in children are extremely important to avoid long-term complications.

The treatment, prevention, and outcome of noncerebral VTE in infants and children will be discussed here. Other aspects of VTE are discussed in separate topic reviews:

Risk factors, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of VTE in infants and children (see "Venous thrombosis and thromboembolism in children: Risk factors, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis")

VTE in the newborn (see "Pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnosis of thrombosis in the newborn" and "Management of thrombosis in the newborn")

VTE in children with cancer (see "Thromboembolism in children with cancer")

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Literature review current through: Sep 2017. | This topic last updated: Sep 29, 2017.
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