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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 62

of 'Vasopressin and desmopressin stimulation test'

Sequential hormonal changes in 21 patients with recurrent Cushing's disease after successful pituitary surgery.
Bou Khalil R, Baudry C, Guignat L, Carrasco C, Guibourdenche J, Gaillard S, Bertagna X, Bertherat J
Eur J Endocrinol. 2011 Nov;165(5):729-37. Epub 2011 Sep 1.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sequence of hormonal changes during recurrence of Cushing's disease (CD) after successful transsphenoidal surgery (TSS).
DESIGN: Retrospective study in a single center.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 101 of the 127 patients treated by TSS for CD between 1996 and 2009, who had hypocortisolism or eucortisolism for at least 3 months post-TSS. We arbitrarily defined 'overt recurrence', as presence of two classical parameters of excess cortisol (increased midnight--either serum or salivary--and 24 h urinary cortisol (UC)), leading to further specific therapeutic action, and 'mild recurrence', as presence of a single classical parameter, leading to simple surveillance.
RESULTS: Of the 101 patients, 21 (20.8%) presented with recurrence, 'mild' or 'overt', during long-term follow-up (median 50.4 months, range 7-99). Recurrence occurred less frequently (16.8 vs 50%, P=0.02), and later (mean 44.7 months, median 43, range 7-94 vs mean 21.5 months, median 17, range 3-61, P=0.05), in patients with early post-TSS hypocortisolism compared with those with eucortisolism. Increase in midnight cortisol occurred in a mean time of 38.2 months, while UC elevation was observed at 50.6 months. Vasopressin analogs and CRH tests were eventually positive in 85 and 93% of all patients respectively; a positive response to one of the two dynamic tests preceded the increase in midnight cortisol or UC in 71 and 64% of the patients respectively.
CONCLUSION: A positive response to vasopressin analogs and/or CRH tests occurs early in recurrence, followed by an increase in midnight cortisol, while UC elevation is at a later stage.
Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares de la Surrénale, Service des Maladies Endocriniennes et Métaboliques, Hôpital Cochin, 27, rue du Faubourg St-Jacques, 75014 Paris, France.