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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 47

of 'Vasopressin and desmopressin stimulation test'

ACTH and cortisol response to combined corticotropin releasing hormone-arginine vasopressin stimulation in obese males and its relationship to body weight, fat distribution and parameters of the metabolic syndrome.
Pasquali R, Gagliardi L, Vicennati V, Gambineri A, Colitta D, Ceroni L, Casimirri F
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999;23(4):419.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in male obesity and its relationship with several prominent parameters of the metabolic syndrome.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional clinical study of the activity of the HPA axis in groups of obese males and normal-weight controls.
SUBJECTS: Seventeen obese non-diabetic males with a body mass index (BMI)>28 and eight normal-weight controls were examined.
MEASUREMENTS: Fat free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) were measured by bioelectrical impedance, and the waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR) was calculated in all subjects. Baseline samples were taken for sex hormone and lipid determination, and an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed for glucose and insulin determination. The activity of the HPA axis was determined bythe combined administration of human corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) (100 microg) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) (0.3 IU).
RESULTS: As expected, FFM and FM and the WHR were higher in obese men than in controls, as were fasting insulin and stimulated (as area under the curve (AUC)) glucose and insulin concentrations. Baseline adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol concentrations were similar in both groups, but stimulated (as AUC), ACTH was higher (P<0.05) in obese subjects than in controls, whereas no significant difference in cortisolAUC was present. Since the main differences between obese subjects and controls were present during the early 30 min of the test, the correlation coefficients between total and incremental ACTH(AUC 0-30 min) and CortisolAUC 0-30 min and all other variables were analyzed. A significant correlation coefficient was present between them and all anthropometric parameters, fasting insulin and insulinAUC, but not with androgens and gonadotrophins. In addition, a significant correlation was present between total and incremental ACTH(AUC 0-30 min) and triglyceride concentrations. However, after adjusting for BMI or FM values, all correlation coefficients became non-significant, except the one between incremental ACTH(AUC 0-30 min) and insulinAUC (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that obese men may also have an altered pituitary response to combined CRH/AVP stimulation, which appears to be predominantly related to body size and total body fat. ACTH hyperresponsiveness after CRH/AVP stimulation also appears to be related to hyperinsulinaemia, but underlying mechanisms of this relationship remain to be elucidated.
Department of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Italy.