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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 28

of 'Vasopressin and desmopressin stimulation test'

Corticotropin releasing factor activity of CRF 41 in normal man is potentiated by angiotensin II and vasopressin but not by desmopressin.
Gaillard RC, Riondel AM, Ling N, Muller AF
Life Sci. 1988;43(23):1935.
Multiple hypothalamic factors seem to influence ACTH release. In vitro and/or in vivo animal models have shown that angiotensin II, vasopressin and some of its analogs are ACTH secretagogues capable of potentiating the corticotropin releasing activity of CRF41. Since these effects are controversial in man, we investigated in 3 groups of volunteers the corticotropin releasing activity of a 2h-infusion of angiotensin II (7 ng/kg/min), vasopressin (1 ng/kg/min) and desmopressin (1 ng/kg/min) given alone or in combination with a bolus injection of 100 micrograms CRF41 by measuring plasma concentrations of ACTH, cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone and delta 4-androstenedione. Given alone angiotensin II and desmopressin had no significant effect in contrast to vasopressin which increased significantly the ACTH and steroid levels. Angiotensin II and vasopressin were both able to potentiate the corticotropin releasing activity of CRF41, whereas desmopressin was unable to produce such a potentiation. These results suggest that in man vasopressin and angiotensin II may well regulate the responsiveness of the pituitary-adrenal axis in various physiological or pathophysiological situations.
Department of Medicine, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.