Medline ® Abstract for Reference 13
of 'Vasopressin and desmopressin stimulation test'
Cloning and characterization of a vasopressin V2 receptor and possible link to nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
Lolait SJ, O'Carroll AM, McBride OW, Konig M, Morel A, Brownstein MJ
The antidiuretic effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is mediated by renal-type (V2) receptors linked to adenylyl cyclase. We report here the cloning of the rat kidney V2 AVP receptor complementary DNA that encodes a 370-amino-acid protein with a transmembrane topography characteristic of G protein-coupled receptors, and with similarity to the V1a (hepatic) AVP receptor in its seven membrane-spanning domains. Expression of the cloned cDNA in mammalian cells showed specific ligand binding and activity characteristic of the native V2 AVP receptor. The receptor messenger RNA is detected only in the kidney. The human V2 receptor gene has been localized to the long arm of the X chromosome close to the locus for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by renal resistance to the antidiuretic action of AVP.
Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.