Medline ® Abstract for Reference 71
of 'Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse associated with pregnancy and childbirth'
The risk of stress incontinence 5 years after first delivery.
Viktrup L, Lose G
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001;185(1):82.
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the impact of a first pregnancy and delivery on the prevalence of stress incontinence 5 years afterward.
STUDY DESIGN: This longitudinal cohort study included 278 women who were questioned after their first delivery and again 5 years later.
RESULTS: The prevalence of stress incontinence 5 years after a first delivery was 30%, and the 5-year incidence was 19%. The risk of stress incontinence 5 years after a first delivery was related to the onset and duration of symptoms after the first pregnancy and delivery in a "dose-response-like" manner. The use of vacuum extraction or episiotomy during the first delivery increased the risk.
CONCLUSIONS: First pregnancy and delivery may result in stress incontinence 5 years later. Women with incontinence 3 months after a first delivery have a particularly high risk of long-lasting symptoms. Obstetric risk factors are vacuum extraction and episiotomy.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Glostrup County Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Ndr. Ringvej 2600, Copenhagen, Denmark. firstname.lastname@example.org