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Urethral caruncle

Author
Leslie M Rickey, MD, MPH
Section Editors
Robert L Barbieri, MD
Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG

INTRODUCTION

A urethral caruncle is a benign fleshy outgrowth at the urethral meatus. It is the most common lesion of the female urethra, occurring primarily in postmenopausal women. The terms urethral caruncle, urethral prolapse, and urethral polyp are sometimes used interchangeably. Technically, urethral prolapse refers to mucosa that is circumferentially everted at the meatus, whereas urethral caruncle refers to eversion of only a portion of the distal urethra, often at the posterior edge.

This topic will review the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management of urethral caruncles. Related topics on urethral prolapse in children and vulvovaginal atrophy are presented separately.

(See "Overview of vulvovaginal complaints in the prepubertal child".)

(See "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vulvovaginal atrophy)".)

(See "Treatment of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vulvovaginal atrophy)".)

                
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Literature review current through: Sep 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 03, 2017.
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References
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