- Leslie M Rickey, MD, MPH
Leslie M Rickey, MD, MPH
- Associate Professor
- Yale School of Medicine
- Section Editors
- Robert L Barbieri, MD
Robert L Barbieri, MD
- Editor-in-Chief — Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health
- Section Editor — General Gynecology and Female Reproductive Endocrinology
- Kate Macy Ladd Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
- Harvard Medical School
- Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
- Section Editor — Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
- Health Sciences Clinical Professor
- University of California, San Diego
- Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
- Section Editor — Cancer of the Urethra, Penis, and Ureter; Urologic Surgery; Prostate Cancer
- Elliott Carr Cutler Professor of Surgery
- Harvard Medical School
A urethral caruncle is a benign fleshy outgrowth at the urethral meatus. It is the most common lesion of the female urethra, occurring primarily in postmenopausal women. The terms urethral caruncle, urethral prolapse, and urethral polyp are sometimes used interchangeably. Technically, urethral prolapse refers to mucosa that is circumferentially everted at the meatus, whereas urethral caruncle refers to eversion of only a portion of the distal urethra, often at the posterior edge.
This topic will review the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management of urethral caruncles. Related topics on urethral prolapse in children and vulvovaginal atrophy are presented separately.To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS
- Patient presentation
- Findings on physical examination
- Differential diagnosis
- Asymptomatic lesions
- Symptomatic lesions
- - Initial approach
- - Large or persistent lesions
- - Recurrrent lesions
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS