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Trigger control to enhance asthma management

Author
Rachel Miller, MD, FAAAAI
Section Editor
Bruce S Bochner, MD
Deputy Editors
Anna M Feldweg, MD
Helen Hollingsworth, MD

INTRODUCTION

Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by airway obstruction, inflammation, and hyper-responsiveness [1,2]. A broad range of factors has been identified that can make asthma worse. These factors are often referred to as "asthma triggers." Trigger exposure may occur on a chronic or episodic basis. Identifying and avoiding asthma "triggers" is essential to preventing asthma flare-ups.

A description of factors that may contribute to asthma severity and suggestions for mitigation of these factors will be reviewed here. A general approach to asthma management is provided separately. (See "An overview of asthma management".)

APPROACH TO THE PATIENT

Asthma "triggers" are often thought of as airborne agents that can bring on an attack, but a variety of other exposures can cause or exacerbate symptoms, including the following categories of stimuli [1,2]:

Respiratory infections (viruses, bacteria)

Allergen exposure (inhalant, food, and occupational)

                         
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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 06, 2017.
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