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Treatment of nontoxic, nonobstructive goiter

Douglas S Ross, MD
Section Editor
David S Cooper, MD
Deputy Editor
Jean E Mulder, MD


Goiter refers to abnormal growth of the thyroid gland. Adults may have goiters that are diffuse or nodular, and the goiters may be associated with normal, decreased, or increased thyroid hormone production. The management of goiter depends upon the cause. This topic primarily focuses on the management of nontoxic, nonobstructive diffuse or multinodular goiter. The treatment of obstructive or substernal goiter, toxic multinodular goiter, Graves' disease, thyroiditis, and goiter due to iodine deficiency are reviewed separately:

(See "Treatment of obstructive or substernal goiter".)

(See "Treatment of toxic adenoma and toxic multinodular goiter".)

(See "Graves' hyperthyroidism in nonpregnant adults: Overview of treatment".)

(See "Subacute thyroiditis".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: May 18, 2017.
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