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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 4

of 'Treatment of adrenal insufficiency in children'

Dexamethasone treatment of virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia: the ability to achieve normal growth.
Rivkees SA, Crawford JD
Pediatrics. 2000;106(4):767.
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether treatment of virilizing congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) with long-acting glucocorticoids is associated with favorable growth outcomes.
METHOD: We examined the long-term growth of 17 boys and 9 girls with CAH treated with dexamethasone (.27 +/-.01 mg/m(2)/day).
RESULTS: For individuals with comparable bone age (BA) and chronological age (CA) at the onset of dexamethasone therapy, males were 2.8 +/-.8 years (mean +/- standard error of the mean; n = 13) and females were 2.4 +/- 1.0 years (n = 6). Males were treated for 7.3 +/- 1.1 years (DeltaCA) over which time the change in BA (DeltaBA) was 7.0 +/- 1.3 years, and the change in height age (DeltaHA) was 6.9 +/- 1.1 years. Females were treated for 6.8 +/- 1.3 years, over which time the DeltaBA was 6.5 +/- 1.0 years, and the DeltaHA was 6.3 +/-.8 years. During treatment 17 ketosteroid excretion rates were normal for age and 17-hydroxyprogesterone values were 69.6 +/- 18 ng/dL. Testicular enlargement was first detected at 10.7 +/-.8 years and breast tissue at 9.9 +/- 1.2 years. Three boys and 1 girl had final heights of 171. 8 +/- 6 cm and 161 cm, respectively, compared with midparental heights of 176.1 +/- 4.1 cm and 160 cm. Predicted adult heights for 6 other boys and 5 girls were 176.8 +/- 2.0 cm and 161.4 +/- 2.8 cm, respectively, compared with midparental heights of 174.6 +/- 1.4 cm and 158.2 +/- 2.0 cm. Statural outcomes were less favorable for 7 children started on dexamethasone when BAs were considerably advanced, although height predictions increased during therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: These observations show that children treated with dexamethasone for CAH can achieve normal growth with the convenience of once-a-day dosing in most cases.congenital adrenal hyperplasia, dexamethasone, growth.
Section of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University Medical School, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. scott.rivkees@yale.edu