- Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
- Section Editor — Travel Medicine
- Head of Infectious Diseases Unit
- Monash University, Australia
- Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
- Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
- Section Editor — Tropical Medicine
- William Bosworth Castle Professor of Medicine
- Harvard Medical School
- Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
- Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
Medical advice for travelers should include evaluation of the risk for adverse outcomes depending on the traveler's medical conditions, the itinerary, anticipated activities, and potential exposures . Risks of illness associated with travel include:
●Development of illness while in transit 
●Exposure to infections endemic to areas visited
●Environmental exposures associated with travel
The pretravel evaluation should provide advice about the risks for vaccine-preventable infections, the appropriate immunizations, and prophylaxis against travelers' diarrhea and malaria . It should also include advice about behavioral precautions and environmental exposures.To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- TRAVEL-RELATED INFECTIONS
- PRETRAVEL EVALUATION
- TRAVEL ADVICE
- Vaccinations and prophylaxis
- - Immunizations
- - Malaria prevention
- - Travelers' diarrhea
- Behavioral precautions
- - Food and water
- - Vector avoidance
- - Respiratory infections
- - Swimming and beaches
- - Animal avoidance
- - Traffic accidents
- - Sexually transmitted diseases
- Air travel
- Cruise ships
- SPECIFIC MEDICAL CONDITIONS
- HIV infection
- Diabetes mellitus
- ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURES
- High altitude
- Wilderness travel
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS