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Transvaginal synthetic mesh: Use in pelvic organ prolapse (POP)

Emanuel C Trabuco, MD, MS
John B Gebhart, MD, MS
Section Editor
Linda Brubaker, MD, FACOG
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


Synthetic mesh has become widely used in procedures aimed at treating pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence. While transvaginal synthetic mesh slings have become the standard of care for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence, concerns have been raised about the safety of synthetic mesh in treating POP. When treating POP, the durability of surgical repair with synthetic mesh must be balanced against the risk of mesh-related complications.

This topic will discuss issues related to transvaginal mesh for surgical treatment of POP. Related discussions on synthetic mesh for the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications of synthetic vaginal mesh, and management of mesh exposure and pain are presented separately:

(See "Transvaginal synthetic mesh: Use in stress urinary incontinence (SUI)".)

(See "Transvaginal synthetic mesh: Management of exposure and pain following pelvic surgery".)


Reconstructive materials used in the surgical repair of POP include synthetic mesh, trocar-guided synthetic mesh inserts or kits (figure 1), and biologic materials (ie, autograft, allograft, and xenograft).

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 01, 2017.
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