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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9

of 'Techniques and interpretation of HIV-1 RNA quantitation'

High correlation between the Roche COBAS®AmpliPrep/COBAS®TaqMan®HIV-1, v2.0 and the Abbott m2000 RealTime HIV-1 assays for quantification of viral load in HIV-1 B and non-B subtypes.
Karasi JC, Dziezuk F, Quennery L, Förster S, Reischl U, Colucci G, Schoener D, Seguin-Devaux C, Schmit JC
J Clin Virol. 2011 Nov;52(3):181-6. Epub 2011 Aug 3.
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 viral load assays are critical tools to monitor antiretroviral therapy efficacy in HIV-infected patients. Two assays based on real-time PCR are available, the Abbott Real-Time HIV-1 assay (Abbott assay) and the new Roche COBAS(®) AmpliPrep/COBAS(®) TaqMan(®) HIV-1 test, v. 2.0 (TaqMan(®) test v2.0).
OBJECTIVES: We have compared the performance of the two assays in 546 clinical plasma specimens of group M strains from Luxembourg and Rwanda.
STUDY DESIGN: Our analyses focused on subtype inclusivity and platforms accuracy for 328 low level viremia samples.
RESULTS: Strong agreement and linear correlation were observed between the two assays (R(2) = 0.95) over a wide dynamic range. Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference of 0.04 log 10 indicating minimal overall viral load quantification differences between both platforms. One subtype C was severely underquantified by TaqMan(®) test v2.0 for which sequence analysis revealed multiple mismatches between the viral sequence and the primer/probe regions. A non significant lower quantification of the Abbott assay was shown for subtype A1 with a mean log 10 difference of 0.24. For specimens under 200 cp/mL, the overall agreement was 90% at the cut-off of 50 cp/mL and 67% at assay's lower limit of detection of 20 and 40 cp/mL. 309 samples were retested by the COBAS(®) AMPLICOR(®) HIV-1 MONITOR Test, v. 1.5 and a lack of agreement between the three assays around their lower limit of quantification was revealed.
CONCLUSIONS: Both real-time tests were closely comparable in the quantification of viral load specimens of ten HIV-1 subtypes and recombinant forms.
Laboratoire de Rétrovirologie, Centre de Recherche Public en Santé, Luxembourg.