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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 10

of 'Techniques and interpretation of HIV-1 RNA quantitation'

Comparative performance of the new Aptima HIV-1 Quant Dx assay with three commercial PCR-based HIV-1 RNA quantitation assays.
Hopkins M, Hau S, Tiernan C, Papadimitropoulos A, Chawla A, Beloukas A, Geretti AM
J Clin Virol. 2015;69:56. Epub 2015 May 29.
BACKGROUND: Quantitative measurement of HIV-1 RNA levels in plasma ('viral load') plays a central role in clinical management. The choice of assay platform can influence results and treatment decisions.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the analytical performance of the new TMA-based Hologic Aptima(®) HIV-1 Quant Dx assay with that of three PCR-based assays: Abbott RealTime HIV-1, Qiagen Artus(®) HI Virus-1 QS-RGQ, and Roche CAP/CTM HIV-1 Test v2.
STUDY DESIGN: Assay performance was evaluated using Acrometrix HIV-1 RNA Standard panels; the 3rd WHO HIV-1 RNA International Standard (12-500 copies/ml; 6 dilutions; 9 replicates); and plasma samples from 191 HIV-positive patients.
RESULTS: Aptima showed high (>0.99) precision, accuracy and concordance with the Acrometrix Standards across a wide dynamic range (2.0-6.7 log10copies/ml). Variance caused up to 2.1 (Aptima), 1.7 (RealTime), 7.5 (Artus), and 1.9 (CAP/CTM) fold changes in the International Standard quantifications at 50-500 copies/ml. HIV-1 RNA detection rates in plasma samples were 141/191 (74%), 119/191 (62%), 108/191 (57%), and 145/191 (76%) for Aptima, RealTime, Artus and CAP/CTM, respectively. For categorising samples either side of 50 copies/ml, Aptima had excellent agreement with RealTime (kappa 0.92; 95% CI 0.87-0.98); lowest agreement was with Artus (kappa 0.79; 95%CI 0.70-0.88). Aptima quantifications were mean 0.12 and 0.06 log10copies/ml higher compared with RealTime and CAP/CTM, respectively, and 0.05 log10copies/ml lower compared with Artus. Limits of agreement were narrowest when comparing Aptima to RealTime.
CONCLUSIONS: The new Aptima HIV assay is sensitive, precise, and accurate. HIV assays exhibit discordance at low HIV-1 RNA copy numbers.
Liverpool Clinical Laboratories, Liverpool, United Kingdom. Electronic address: mark.hopkins@rlbuht.nhs.uk.