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Screening tests in children and adolescents

Nancy R Kelly, MD, MPH
Section Editor
Jan E Drutz, MD
Deputy Editor
Mary M Torchia, MD


The schedule of and recommendations for common screening tests in children in the United States will be reviewed here. The specific diseases and conditions are discussed separately.


General principles — Screening is defined as testing for disease in an individual or population that appears to be healthy [1]. The goal of screening is to identify children who are at increased risk of disease and warrant additional testing.

The following characteristics of a disease render it a good candidate for screening [1]:

Substantial morbidity or mortality occurs if the disease is untreated

The prevalence warrants testing in an apparently healthy population

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Literature review current through: Sep 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 18, 2017.
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