Screening for testicular cancer
- Kenneth W Lin, MD, MPH
Kenneth W Lin, MD, MPH
- Associate Professor of Family Medicine
- Georgetown University School of Medicine
Testicular cancer accounts for only about 1 percent of cancers in men overall but is the most common malignancy in males between the ages of 15 and 35 years . Most testicular cancers are germ cell tumors. The prognosis with treatment is generally excellent.
This topic will review issues related to screening for testicular cancer, including the lack of evidence that routine screening improves favorable outcomes for this disease.
The epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment for testicular cancer are discussed separately.
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- RISK FACTORS
- RATIONALE FOR NOT SCREENING ROUTINELY
- Limited benefits
- Limitations and potential harms of testicular examination
- No role for screening with biomarkers
- SELECT INDICATIONS FOR TESTICULAR EXAM
- Symptomatic men
- Surveillance after germ cell tumors
- History of cryptorchidism
- RECOMMENDATIONS OF OTHERS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS