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Screening and early detection of melanoma in adults and adolescents

Alan C Geller, RN, MPH
Susan Swetter, MD
Section Editors
Joann G Elmore, MD, MPH
Hensin Tsao, MD, PhD
Deputy Editor
Judith A Melin, MA, MD, FACP


The incidence of melanoma skin cancer, the most fatal form of skin cancer, is increasing faster than any other potentially preventable cancer in the United States [1].

Screening for melanoma refers to the routine examination of asymptomatic individuals to identify suspicious lesions that require evaluation to establish a diagnosis. This topic discusses screening for melanoma with a skin examination, either during a clinical examination by a primary care clinician or by patient self-examination.

Specifics about clinical features and diagnosis of melanoma, risk factors for melanoma, inherited susceptibility to melanoma, primary prevention of melanoma, melanoma in children, and staging of melanoma are discussed separately.

(See "Melanoma: Clinical features and diagnosis".)

(See "Risk factors for the development of melanoma".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 27, 2017.
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