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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 20

of 'Salicylate poisoning in children and adolescents'

Salicylic acid permeability properties of the rabbit cortical collecting duct.
Chatton JY, Besseghir K, Roch-Ramel F
Am J Physiol. 1990;259(4 Pt 2):F613.
To assess the role of nonionic diffusion of salicylic acid (pKa = 3) in the terminal nephron, we measured the passive permeability of [14C]salicylic acid in rabbit cortical collecting ducts isolated and perfused in vitro. This segment can produce and maintain a maximal pH gradient between blood and tubular fluid. When peritubular pH was kept constant at pH 7.4 the apparent permeability of salicylic acid (P', 10(-6) cm/s) was 6.2 +/- 1.1 at a luminal pH of 6.0, 17.2 +/- 5.3 at a luminal pH of 5.5, and 39.0 +/- 4.7 at a luminal pH of 5.0. These permeabilities were in close correlation with the percentage of nonionized salicylic acid present at each pH, indicating that only the nonionized molecule can diffuse across the collecting duct epithelium. By recalculating the permeability, taking into account only the concentration of the nonionized salicylic acid molecules, we obtained the apparent permeability of nonionized salicylic acid, which was no longer pH dependent and averaged 4,345 +/- 460 x 10(-6) cm/s. The apparent activation energy of this diffusion process was 9.3 +/- 1.2 kcal/mol as calculated from an Arrhenius plot.
Institut de Pharmacologie de l'Université, Lausanne, Switzerland.