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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 15

of 'Right ventricular myocardial infarction'

Right and left ventricular oxygen metabolism in open-chest dogs.
Kusachi S, Nishiyama O, Yasuhara K, Saito D, Haraoka S, Nagashima H
Am J Physiol. 1982;243(5):H761.
A comparison of blood flow and myocardial O2 consumption (MVO2) in the right and left ventricles was made in 21 open-chest dogs. Simultaneous measurements were made of left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary arterial blood flow and of O2 saturation in the coronary sinus and in from one to four anterior cardiac veins. Blood flow was greater in the LAD than in the right coronary artery, 87 +/- 5 vs. 46 +/- 3 ml.min-1.100 g-1. Similarly, the O2 saturation was 51 +/- 3% in the anterior cardiac veins and 40 +/- 1% in the coronary sinus. In a subset of seven dogs, the O2 saturation in blood from anterior cardiac veins varied substantially from vein to vein. The mean MVO2 was greater for the left than for the right ventricle, 8.6 +/- 1.4 vs. 4.0 +/- 0.3 ml O2.min-1,100 g-1. Increases in LAD flow with no increase in O2 extraction accounted for enhanced MVO2 of the left ventricle due to pacing, isoproterenol, or methoxamine. In contrast, pacing, isoproterenol, or constriction of the pulmonary artery increased MVO2 of the right ventricle by both augmented O2 extraction and a rise in right coronary blood flow. We conclude that right coronary arterial blood flow is lower per 100 g tissue and is less dependent on MVO2 than is LAD blood flow. The heterogeneity of O2 saturation in anterior cardiac veins suggests that regional differences in MVO2 may exist.