Medline ® Abstract for Reference 1
of 'Rare complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)'
Unusual complications related to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and its endoscopic treatment.
Kwon CI, Song SH, Hahm KB, Ko KH
Clin Endosc. 2013 May;46(3):251-9. Epub 2013 May 31.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-induced complications, once occurred, can lead to significant morbidity. Commonly 5% to 10% of patients experience procedure related complications such as post-ERCP pancreatitis, biliary hemorrhage, and cholangitis, in descending order. However, complications such as perforation, pneumothorax, air embolism, splenic injury, and basket impaction are rare but are associated with high mortality if occurred. Such unexpected unusual complications might extend the length of hospitalization, require urgent surgical intervention, and put the patient in miserable condition leading to permanent disability or mortality. Although these ERCP-induced complications can be minimized by a skilled operator using advanced techniques and devices, the occurrence of unusual complications are hard to expect and induce very difficult management condition. In this review, we will focus on the uncommon complications related to ERCP. This review is also aimed at suggesting optimal endoscopic treatment strategies for several complications based on our institutional experiences.
Digestive Disease Center, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.