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Psychological factors affecting other medical conditions: Management

James L Levenson, MD
Section Editor
Joel Dimsdale, MD
Deputy Editor
David Solomon, MD


Psychological factors affecting other medical conditions (PFAOMC) is a disorder that is diagnosed when a general medical condition is adversely affected by psychological or behavioral factors; the factors may precipitate or exacerbate the medical condition, interfere with treatment, or contribute to morbidity and mortality [1]. In addition, the factors are not part of another mental disorder (eg, unipolar major depression).

This topic reviews the management of PFAOMC. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, assessment, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of PFAOMC are discussed separately. (See "Psychological factors affecting other medical conditions: Clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis".)


For psychological factors affecting other medical conditions, we suggest consultation with a mental health clinician when the:

Factors appear to represent a poorly controlled psychiatric disorder, such as depressive disorders (eg, unipolar major depression), anxiety disorders (eg, generalized anxiety disorder), or personality disorders (eg, borderline personality disorder).

Psychological factors are extreme, persistent, or interfering significantly in treatment, or patients are unable to change maladaptive behaviors.

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 10, 2016.
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