Psoriasis in children: Epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis
- Amy S Paller, MD
Amy S Paller, MD
- Walter J. Hamlin Professor and Chair of Dermatology
- Professor of Pediatrics
- Director, Northwestern University Skin Disease Research Center
- Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
- Emily Broun Lund, MD
Emily Broun Lund, MD
- University of Chicago
- Section Editors
- Kristina Callis Duffin, MD
Kristina Callis Duffin, MD
- Section Editor — Psoriasis
- Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology
- University of Utah
- Moise L Levy, MD
Moise L Levy, MD
- Section Editor — Pediatric Dermatology
- Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine (Dermatology)
- Dell Medical School, University of Texas, Austin
- Clinical Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
- Baylor College of Medicine
Psoriasis is a systemic, immune-mediated disease that is most often characterized by well-demarcated, erythematous plaques with adherent, micaceous scale. The onset of psoriasis can occur during childhood or adulthood.
Chronic plaque psoriasis is the most common clinical form of psoriasis in children; guttate, pustular, and erythrodermic psoriasis are additional presentations. Certain distributions of plaque psoriasis are more common in children than adults, including involvement of the face, scalp, and intertriginous skin. Psoriatic diaper rash (also known as "napkin psoriasis") can be the initial manifestation of psoriasis in infants and young children.
The epidemiology, clinical features, comorbidities, and diagnosis of psoriasis in children will be reviewed here. Detailed discussions of specific clinical variants of psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis in children, and the management of psoriasis in children are provided separately.
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- RISK FACTORS
- CLINICAL PRESENTATION
- Chronic plaque psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Pustular and erythrodermic psoriasis
- Special sites
- Obesity and cardiovascular risk
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Psychosocial effects
- Clinical assessment
- Skin biopsy
- DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS
- ADDITIONAL EVALUATION
- SOCIETY GUIDELINE LINKS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS