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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 31

of 'Prevention of HIV transmission during breastfeeding in resource-limited settings'

Breast-feeding, mastitis, and HIV transmission: nutritional implications.
Semba RD, Neville MC
Nutr Rev. 1999;57(5 Pt 1):146.
In many developing countries, transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from mother to infant occurs through breast-feeding. Mastitis, an inflammatory process in the breast, may be common in lactating women in Africa and is associated with both higher HIV load in breast milk and mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Antioxidant micronutrient deficiencies may increase the risk of mastitis. Whether prevention, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment of mastitis will help reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV in breast-feeding women needs further study.
Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.