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Postpartum thyroiditis

Kenneth D Burman, MD
Section Editor
Douglas S Ross, MD
Deputy Editor
Jean E Mulder, MD


Postpartum thyroiditis is a destructive thyroiditis induced by an autoimmune mechanism within one year after parturition. Postpartum thyroiditis can also occur after spontaneous or induced abortion [1]. It usually presents in one of three ways (figure 1):

Transient hyperthyroidism alone

Transient hypothyroidism alone

Transient hyperthyroidism followed by hypothyroidism and then recovery

The clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of postpartum thyroiditis are reviewed here. Other forms of thyroiditis and the diagnosis and management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy are discussed separately. (See "Overview of thyroiditis" and "Overview of thyroid disease in pregnancy" and "Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy: Treatment" and "Hypothyroidism during pregnancy: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Aug 22, 2017.
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