Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68
of 'Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) bleeding'
Temporary self-expandable metal stent placement for treatment of post-sphincterotomy bleeding.
Shah JN, Marson F, Binmoeller KF
Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;72(6):1274.
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) is a basic technique for performing therapeutic interventions during ERCP. Bleeding after ES is a recognized complication and can be difficult to treat.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of temporary placement of fully covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for the treatment of difficult-to-control post-ES hemorrhage.
DESIGN: Retrospective case series.
SETTING: Interventional endoscopy unit at a tertiary care referral hospital.
PATIENTS: Five patients treated with temporary SEMSs for difficult-to-control post-ES hemorrhage.
INTERVENTIONS: ERCP with placement of fully covered, biliary SEMSs and subsequent stent removal within 8 weeks.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Technical success of SEMS placement, clinical success with hemostasis, complications related to SEMS placement and removal.
RESULTS: Five patients were treated with temporary fully covered SEMSs for post-ES hemorrhage over an 8-month period. Hemostasis was achieved in all patients. Within 8 weeks of the procedure, the SEMSs were easily removed in 3 patients; the SEMSs had spontaneously migrated without incident in the other 2. No other complications were seen.
LIMITATIONS: Retrospective series with a small number of patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Temporary placement of fully covered SEMSs across the biliary orifice seems to be an effective treatment for post-ES hemorrhage. However, stent migration is a concern and may limit this therapy in certain settings.
Interventional Endoscopy Services, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94115, USA.