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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 34

of 'Peripartum cardiomyopathy: Treatment and prognosis'

Bromocriptine for the treatment of peripartum cardiomyopathy: a multicentre randomized study.
Hilfiker-Kleiner D, Haghikia A, Berliner D, Vogel-Claussen J, Schwab J, Franke A, Schwarzkopf M, Ehlermann P, Pfister R, Michels G, Westenfeld R, Stangl V, Kindermann I, Kühl U, Angermann CE, Schlitt A, Fischer D, Podewski E, Böhm M, Sliwa K, Bauersachs J
Eur Heart J. 2017;38(35):2671.
Aims: An anti-angiogenic cleaved prolactin fragment is considered causal for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Experimental and first clinical observations suggested beneficial effects of the prolactin release inhibitor bromocriptine in PPCM.
Methods and results: In this multicentre trial, 63 PPCM patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)≤35% were randomly assigned to short-term (1W: bromocriptine, 2.5 mg, 7 days) or long-term bromocriptine treatment (8W: 5 mg for 2 weeks followed by 2.5 mg for 6 weeks) in addition to standard heart failure therapy. Primary end point was LVEF change (delta) from baseline to 6 months assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Bromocriptine was well tolerated. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased from 28 ± 10% to 49 ± 12% with a delta-LVEF of + 21 ± 11% in the 1W-group, and from 27 ± 10% to 51 ± 10% with a delta-LVEF of + 24 ± 11% in the 8W-group (delta-LVEF: P = 0.381). Full-recovery (LVEF ≥ 50%) was present in 52% of the 1W- and in 68% of the 8W-group with no differences in secondary end points between both groups (hospitalizations for heart failure: 1W: 9.7% vs. 8W: 6.5%, P = 0.651). The risk within the 8W-group to fail full-recovery after 6 months tended to be lower. No patient in the study needed heart transplantation, LV assist device or died.
Conclusion: Bromocriptine treatment was associated with high rate of full LV-recovery and low morbidity and mortality in PPCM patients compared with other PPCM cohorts not treated with bromocriptine. No significant differences were observed between 1W and 8W treatment suggesting that 1-week addition of bromocriptine to standard heart failure treatment is already beneficial with a trend for better full-recovery in the 8W group.
Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, study number: NCT00998556.
Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1. D-30625 Hannover, Germany.