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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 88

of 'Pathophysiology of and immune response to Helicobacter pylori infection'

Catalase, a novel antigen for Helicobacter pylori vaccination.
Radcliff FJ, Hazell SL, Kolesnikow T, Doidge C, Lee A
Infect Immun. 1997;65(11):4668.
The efficacy of an orogastric vaccine comprised of purified Helicobacter pylori catalase plus the mucosal adjuvant cholera toxin (CT) was examined with both the Helicobacter felis and H. pylori mouse models with BALB/c mice. Native H. pylori catalase (200 microg) plus CT was initially used as a vaccine antigen in the H. felis mouse model and protected 80% (8 of 10) of the challenged animals, while all control animals were infected (20 of 20). In a follow-up experiment, recombinant H. pylori catalase plus CT was used for immunization, and groups of mice were challenged with the Sydney strain of H. pylori. Immunization with recombinant catalase protected a significant proportion (9 of 10) of the mice from H. pylori challenge, indicating that this enzyme should be considered as a candidate for a future vaccine. This study provides the first available data on the efficacy of protective immunization with the new Sydney strain of H. pylori in a mouse model. These data also provide indirect evidence that proteins which are normally intracellular, such as catalase, may be present on the surface of H. pylori and thus may provide targets for immunization.
School of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.