Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 4

of 'Pathophysiology of and immune response to Helicobacter pylori infection'

Comparison of Helicobacter pylori and attaching-effacing Escherichia coli adhesion to eukaryotic cells.
Dytoc M, Gold B, Louie M, Huesca M, Fedorko L, Crowe S, Lingwood C, Brunton J, Sherman P
Infect Immun. 1993;61(2):448.
Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori was reported previously to be morphologically identical to "attaching and effacing" Escherichia coli. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to define the adhesion phenotype of H. pylori LC-11 to HEp-2, KATO-III, HEL, and CHO tissue culture cells. By using both staining of F-actin with fluorescein-labeled phalloidin and ultrastructural analysis, diffuse bacterial adhesion to discrete microvillus-denuded regions of the plasma membrane was observed in each of the infected cell lines. However, strain LC-11 did not induce formation of F-actin adhesion pedestals on the eukaryotic cells. H. pylori was negative by colony blot hybridization with an E. coli attaching and effacing gene probe. Elevations in inositol triphosphates followed infection of HEp-2 cells with H. pylori (405% of control values +/- 147%; P<0.05). To correlate the observed histopathology with expression of the H. pylori phosphatidylethanolamine receptor, a thin-layer chromatography overlay-binding assay was used to identify receptors in each of the cell lines. H. pylori adhered to eukaryotic cells regardless of the presence (HEp-2, KATO-III, and CHO cells) or absence (HEL cells) of the lipid receptor as detected under the assay conditions. However, in comparison to cell lines that possess the phosphatidylethanolamine receptor, HEL cells demonstrated less quantitative H. pylori binding. These findings suggest that mechanisms distinct from E. coli enteropathogens underlie the adhesion of H. pylori to mucosal surfaces. In addition to the phosphatidylethanolamine H. pylori receptor, another host factor(s) likely mediates the attachment of H. pylori to human eukaryotic cells.
Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.