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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 30

of 'Pathophysiology and treatment of edema in patients with the nephrotic syndrome'

Arginine vasopressin gene expression in rats with puromycin-induced nephrotic syndrome.
Pyo HJ, Summer SN, Niederberger M, Kim JK, Schrier RW
Am J Kidney Dis. 1995;25(1):58.
Nephrotic syndrome is characterized by water and sodium retention, which leads to edema formation. The nonosmotic stimulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release from the pituitary gland has been implicated to be one of the important factors of abnormal water retention in patients with nephrotic syndrome. It is not known, however, whether nephrotic syndrome is associated with stimulation of hypothalamic vasopressin gene expression. Puromycin aminonucleoside is known to cause altered glomerular permeability, which results in experimental nephrotic syndrome in rats. In the present study, therefore, AVP gene expression has been studied in the hypothalamus of rats with puromycin aminonucleoside-induced nephrotic syndrome (PNS). Nephrotic syndrome was induced by a single intravenous injection of puromycin aminonucleoside (50 mg/kg body weight). Nephrotic syndrome was confirmed by urinary protein excretion (control 20.8 +/- 3.5 mg/24 hr v PNS 273.9 +/- 41.4 mg/24 hr; P<0.0001, n = 6) and serum albumin concentrations (control 4.52 +/- 0.07 g/dL v PNS 2.96 +/- 0.22 g/dL; P<0.001, n = 6). In PNS rats, plasma AVP was significantly higher than in control rats (control 0.77 +/- 0.10 pg/mL v PNS 2.13 +/- 0.42 pg/mL; P<0.005, n = 12), even though there were no differences in plasma osmolality (control 292.0 +/- 2.0 mOsm/kg H2O v PNS 290.3 +/- 2.5 mOsm/kg H2O; P = NS, n = 12) or serum sodium concentration (control142.7 +/- 0.7 v PNS 142.1 +/- 1.1; PNS, n = 12).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver 80262.