Medline ® Abstract for Reference 24
of 'Pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome'
Persistent viral infection in primary Sjogren's syndrome: review and perspectives.
Triantafyllopoulou A, Moutsopoulos H
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2007;32(3):210.
Exocrine gland pathology in primary Sjogren's syndrome is characterized by destruction of acinar epithelial cells and chronic lymphocytic infiltrates surrounding ductal epithelial cells. These cells seem to be activated, as it is inferred by their immunophenotype. The cause of this activation and the chronic inflammatory response that targets epithelial cells remain unknown. Here, we will review the evidence pointing to a persistent viral infection as a probable cause of primary Sjogren's syndrome and discuss potential directions for future research.
Division of Rheumatology, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.