Medline ® Abstract for Reference 227
of 'Pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis'
Ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma modulate profibrogenic and proinflammatory actions in hepatic stellate cells.
Marra F, Efsen E, Romanelli RG, Caligiuri A, Pastacaldi S, Batignani G, Bonacchi A, Caporale R, Laffi G, Pinzani M, Gentilini P
BACKGROUND&AIMS: Proliferation and migration of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and expression of chemokines are involved in the pathogenesis of liver inflammation and fibrogenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma is a receptor transcription factor that controls growth and differentiation in different tissues. We explored the effects of PPAR-gamma agonists on the biological actions of cultured human HSCs.
METHODS: HSCs were isolated from normal human liver tissue and used in their myofibroblast-like phenotype or immediately after isolation. Activation of PPAR-gamma was induced with 15-deoxy-Delta(12, 14)-prostaglandin J(2) or with troglitazone.
RESULTS: PPAR-gamma agonists dose-dependently inhibited HSC proliferation and chemotaxis induced by platelet-derived growth factor. This effect was independent of changes in postreceptor signaling or expression of c-fos and c-myc and was associated with inhibition of cell cycle progression beyond the G(1) phase. Activation of PPAR-gammaalso resulted in a complete inhibition of the expression of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 at the gene and protein levels. Comparison of quiescent and culture-activated HSCs revealed a marked decrease in PPAR-gamma expression in activated cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Activation of PPAR-gamma modulates profibrogenic and proinflammatory actions in HSCs. Reduced PPAR-gamma expression may contribute to confer an activated phenotype to HSCs.
Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Universitàdi Firenze, Florence, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org