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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 106

of 'Pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis'

106
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Upstream tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) element-1, a novel and essential regulatory DNA motif in the human TIMP-1 gene promoter, directly interacts with a 30-kDa nuclear protein.
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Trim JE, Samra SK, Arthur MJ, Wright MC, McAulay M, Beri R, Mann DA
SO
J Biol Chem. 2000;275(9):6657.
 
Elevated expression of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) protein and mRNA has been reported in human diseases including cancers and tissue fibrosis. Regulation of TIMP-1 gene expression is mainly mediated at the level of gene transcription and involves the activation of several well known transcription factors including those belonging to the AP-1, STAT, and Pea3/Ets families. In the current study, we have used DNase-1 footprinting to identify a new regulatory element (5'-TGTGGTTTCCG-3') present in the human TIMP-1 gene promoter. Mutagenesis and transfection studies in culture-activated rat hepatic stellate cells and the human Jurkat T cell line demonstrated that the new element named upstream TIMP-1 element-1 (UTE-1) is essential for transcriptional activity of the human TIMP-1 promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay studies revealed that UTE-1 can form protein-DNA complexes of distinct mobilities with nuclear extracts from a variety of mammalian cell types and showed that induction of a high mobility UTE-1 complex is associated with culture activation of freshly isolated rat hepatic stellate cells. A combination of UV-cross-linking and Southwestern blotting techniques demonstrated that UTE-1 directly interacts with a 30-kDa nuclear protein that appears to be present in all cell types tested. We conclude that UTE-1 is a novel regulatory element that in combination with its cellular binding proteins may be an important component of the mechanisms controlling TIMP-1 expression in normal and pathological states.
AD
Liver Research Group, Division of Cell and Molecular Medicine, South Academic Block, Level D, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 6YD, United Kingdom.
PMID