Medline ® Abstract for Reference 106
of 'Pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis'
Upstream tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) element-1, a novel and essential regulatory DNA motif in the human TIMP-1 gene promoter, directly interacts with a 30-kDa nuclear protein.
Trim JE, Samra SK, Arthur MJ, Wright MC, McAulay M, Beri R, Mann DA
J Biol Chem. 2000;275(9):6657.
Elevated expression of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) protein and mRNA has been reported in human diseases including cancers and tissue fibrosis. Regulation of TIMP-1 gene expression is mainly mediated at the level of gene transcription and involves the activation of several well known transcription factors including those belonging to the AP-1, STAT, and Pea3/Ets families. In the current study, we have used DNase-1 footprinting to identify a new regulatory element (5'-TGTGGTTTCCG-3') present in the human TIMP-1 gene promoter. Mutagenesis and transfection studies in culture-activated rat hepatic stellate cells and the human Jurkat T cell line demonstrated that the new element named upstream TIMP-1 element-1 (UTE-1) is essential for transcriptional activity of the human TIMP-1 promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay studies revealed that UTE-1 can form protein-DNA complexes of distinct mobilities with nuclear extracts from a variety of mammalian cell types and showed that induction of a high mobility UTE-1 complex is associated with culture activation of freshly isolated rat hepatic stellate cells. A combination of UV-cross-linking and Southwestern blotting techniques demonstrated that UTE-1 directly interacts with a 30-kDa nuclear protein that appears to be present in all cell types tested. We conclude that UTE-1 is a novel regulatory element that in combination with its cellular binding proteins may be an important component of the mechanisms controlling TIMP-1 expression in normal and pathological states.
Liver Research Group, Division of Cell and Molecular Medicine, South Academic Block, Level D, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 6YD, United Kingdom.