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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 68

of 'Pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease'

68
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Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems in rat liver after chronic ethanol feeding.
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Kawase T, Kato S, Lieber CS
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Hepatology. 1989;10(5):815.
 
The effects of chronic ethanol feeding on hepatic lipid peroxidation, ascorbic acid, glutathione and vitamin E levels were investigated in rats fed low or adequate amounts of dietary vitamin E. Hepatic lipid peroxidation was significantly increased after chronic ethanol feeding in rats receiving a low-vitamin E diet, indicating that dietary vitamin E is an important determinant of hepatic lipid peroxidation induced by chronic ethanol feeding. No significant change was observed in hepatic non-heme iron content, but hepatic content of ascorbic acid and glutathione was increased by ethanol feeding. Both low dietary vitamin E and ethanol feeding significantly reduced hepatic alpha-tocopherol content, and the lowest hepatic alpha-tocopherol was found in rats receiving a combination of low vitamin E and ethanol. Plasma alpha-tocopherol was elevated after ethanol feeding, probably because of the associated hyperlipemia. Both the ratio of plasma alpha-tocopherol/plasma lipid and the red blood cell alpha-tocopherol were reduced by ethanol feeding. Furthermore, ethanol feeding caused a marked increase of hepatic alpha-tocopheryl quinone, a metabolite of alpha-tocopherol by free radical reactions. Ethanol feeding caused little changes of alpha-tocopherol and alpha-tocopheryl quinone content in mitochondria, whereas a striking increase in alpha-tocopheryl quinone was observed in microsomes. These data suggest that ethanol feedingcauses a marked alteration of vitamin E metabolism in the liver and that the combination of ethanol with a low-vitamin E intake results in a decrease of hepatic alpha-tocopherol content which renders the liver more susceptible to free radical attack.
AD
Section of Liver Disease and Nutrition, Bronx Veterans Administration Medical Center, New York 10468.
PMID