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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 24

of 'Pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease'

Role of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein in early alcohol-induced liver injury in mice.
Uesugi T, Froh M, Arteel GE, Bradford BU, Wheeler MD, Gäbele E, Isayama F, Thurman RG
J Immunol. 2002;168(6):2963.
Cellular responses to endotoxins are enhanced markedly by LPS-binding protein (LBP). Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that endotoxins and proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha participate in early alcohol-induced liver injury. Therefore, in this study, a long-term intragastric ethanol feeding model was used to test the hypothesis that LBP is involved in alcoholic hepatitis by comparing LBP knockout and wild-type mice. Two-month-old female mice were fed a high-fat liquid diet with either ethanol or isocaloric maltose-dextrin as control continuously for 4 wk. There was no difference in mean urine alcohol concentrations between the groups fed ethanol. Dietary alcohol significantly increased liver to body weight ratios and serum alanine aminotransferase levels in wild-type mice (189 +/- 31 U/L) over high-fat controls (24 +/- 7 U/L), effects which were blunted significantly in LBP knockout mice (60 +/- 17 U/L). Although no significant pathological changes were observed in high-fat controls, 4 wk of dietary ethanol caused steatosis, mild inflammation, and focal necrosis in wild-type animals as expected (pathology score, 5.9 +/- 0.5). These pathological changes were reduced significantly in LBP knockout mice fed ethanol (score, 2.6 +/- 0.5). Endotoxin levels in the portal vein were increased significantly after 4 wk in both groups fed ethanol. Moreover, ethanol increased TNF-alpha mRNA expression in wild-type, but not in LBP knockout mice. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that LBP plays an important role in early alcohol-induced liver injury by enhancing LPS-induced signal transduction, most likely in Kupffer cells.
Department of Pharmacology, Laboratory of Hepatobiology and Toxicology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.