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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 13

of 'Overview of surgery in the treatment of exocrine pancreatic cancer and prognosis'

Mono-bloc total spleno-pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma with portal-mesenteric venous invasion. A prospective randomized study.
Lygidakis NJ, Singh G, Bardaxoglou E, Dedemadi G, Sgourakis G, Nestoridis J, Malliotakis A, Pedonomou M, Solomou EK, Safioleas M, Alamani M, Grigorakos L, Merikas EM
Hepatogastroenterology. 2004 Mar;51(56):427-33.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate, the early and long-term results of mono-bloc spleno-pancreatic and vascular resection for advanced carcinoma of the head of the pancreas, with portal-mesenteric venous invasion.
METHODOLOGY: In a prospective, randomized trial, fifty-six patients with advanced carcinoma of the head of the pancreas with vascular invasion were studied. Patients were randomly divided in two groups A and B. Group A patients underwent an en-bloc spleno-pancreatic and vascular resection. Group B patients underwent a palliative gastro-biliary bypass. Patients in both groups were subjected to adjuvant locoregional chemoimmunotherapy, through an arterial catheter introduced into the superior mesenteric artery via a jejunal arterial branch.
RESULTS: The 2- and 5-year survival rates for Group A patients were 81.8% and 18.5%. The respective percentages for disease-free survival were 60.6% and 0%. Two-year survival for group B was nil.
CONCLUSIONS: Mono-bloc spleno-pancreaticoduodenectomy and regional vascular resection and reconstruction, with adjuvant locoregional chemoimmunotherapy leads to substantial prolongation of survival and optimization of quality of life.
Department of Surgical Oncology, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, Greece. iasg@iasg.org