Overview of pulmonary function testing in children
- Dennis M Rosen, MD
Dennis M Rosen, MD
- Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
- Harvard Medical School
- Andrew A Colin, MD
Andrew A Colin, MD
- Batchelor Family Professor of Cystic Fibrosis and Pediatric Pulmonology
- Director, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology
- Miller School of Medicine
- University of Miami
Pulmonary function testing (PFT) in children plays an important role in the evaluation of the child with known or suspected respiratory disease. A basic approach to PFT for the primary care provider is presented here. The goal is to encourage pediatricians to obtain PFT to diagnose and monitor the pathophysiologic aspects of their patients' respiratory conditions, thereby improving management.
Conventional tests that are frequently performed in the evaluation of pediatric respiratory conditions include measurements that identify:
●Restrictive lung, chest wall, and respiratory muscle defects
●Diffusion defects (those that impair diffusion of gas through the alveolar-capillary membrane)To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- ROLE OF PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTING
- Measured parameters
- - Flow-volume curve
- Use in asthma
- - Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)
- - Bronchial challenge tests
- Spirometry in the care of cystic fibrosis
- LUNG VOLUME MEASUREMENT
- - Plethysmography
- - Gas dilution
- Clinical application and interpretation
- - Restrictive disease
- - Obstructive disease
- DIFFUSION CAPACITY MEASUREMENT
- RESPIRATORY MUSCLE PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
- EXHALED NITRIC OXIDE
- EVALUATION OF PULMONARY FUNCTION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD AND INFANCY
- PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION
- SOCIETY GUIDELINE LINKS
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS