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Overview of gynecologic laparoscopic surgery and non-umbilical entry sites

Howard T Sharp, MD
Section Editor
Tommaso Falcone, MD, FRCSC, FACOG
Deputy Editor
Kristen Eckler, MD, FACOG


In gynecology, laparoscopic surgery is used for many procedures that were traditionally performed via laparotomy. These are performed for benign and malignant disease [1]. Conventional (also referred to as “straight stick”) and robotic approaches are used.

General issues related to gynecologic laparoscopic procedures will be reviewed here. Laparoscopic access, instrumentation, and complications, as well as robot-assisted laparoscopy, are discussed separately. (See "Abdominal access techniques used in laparoscopic surgery" and "Instruments and devices used in laparoscopic surgery" and "Complications of laparoscopic surgery" and "Robot-assisted laparoscopy".)

Specific uses of laparoscopy are discussed in individual topic reviews:

(See "Laparoscopic surgery for ovulation induction in polycystic ovary syndrome".)

(See "Laparoscopic hysterectomy".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Nov 09, 2017.
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