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Overview of antepartum fetal surveillance

Caroline Signore, MD, MPH
Catherine Spong, MD
Section Editor
Vincenzo Berghella, MD
Deputy Editor
Vanessa A Barss, MD, FACOG


The main techniques for fetal assessment are the nonstress test, biophysical profile, modified biophysical profile, contraction stress test, and fetal movement count. Assessment of amniotic fluid volume and Doppler velocimetry provide additional information about fetal status. Despite widespread use of these techniques, there is limited evidence to guide their optimal use or to demonstrate their effectiveness for improving perinatal outcomes.

This topic will provide an overview of antepartum fetal assessment. Detailed discussions of the various techniques and their use in specific clinical settings are available separately:

(See "Nonstress test and contraction stress test".)

(See "The fetal biophysical profile".)

(See "Decreased fetal movement: Diagnosis, evaluation, and management".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 05, 2017.
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