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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 43

of 'Overview and classification of the inherited ichthyoses'

Mutations in the rod domain of keratin 2e in patients with ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens.
Rothnagel JA, Traupe H, Wojcik S, Huber M, Hohl D, Pittelkow MR, Saeki H, Ishibashi Y, Roop DR
Nat Genet. 1994 Aug;7(4):485-90.
Ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens (IBS) is an autosomal dominant skin disorder that resembles epidermolytic hyperkeratosis (EHK). We have identified mutations in two families originally diagnosed with EHK and in four families diagnosed with IBS at the same codon in the highly conserved carboxy terminal of the rod domain of keratin 2e, thus revealing a mutational hot spot. Our results allow a differential diagnosis to be made between IBS and EHK at the genetic level and we suggest that patients diagnosed with EHK, but lacking keratin K1 or K10 mutations, should be re-examined for mutations in their K2e genes.
Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.