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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 41

of 'Overview and classification of the inherited ichthyoses'

Expanding the keratin mutation database: novel and recurrent mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations in 28 patients with epidermolytic ichthyosis.
Arin MJ, Oji V, Emmert S, Hausser I, Traupe H, Krieg T, Grimberg G
Br J Dermatol. 2011;164(2):442.
BACKGROUND: Epidermolytic ichthyosis (EI) is a hereditary keratinization disorder caused by mutations in the keratin 1 (KRT1) or keratin 10 (KRT10) genes. In most cases of severe EI, heterozygous single point mutations are found at the highly conserved helix boundary motifs of KRT1 and KRT10 that play a critical role in filament formation. The presence of palmoplantar keratoderma suggests KRT1 mutations, whereas KRT10 mutations in most instances give rise to the nonpalmoplantar variants.
OBJECTIVES: To identify the underlying mutations in patients with EI and to correlate genotype and phenotype.
METHODS: Mutation analysis was performed in 28 patients with EI by direct sequencing of KRT1 and KRT10 genes.
RESULTS: We identified 14 different mutations, of which four have not been published previously.
CONCLUSIONS: Identification of novel mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations in EI allows improved understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as better patient management.
Department of Dermatology, University of Cologne, Kerpener Strasse 62, 50931 Cologne, Germany. meral.arin@uk-koeln.de