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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 48

of 'Open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm'

Transverse minilaparotomy for open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
Hafez H, Makhosini M, Abbassi-Ghadi N, Abbassi-Ghaddi N, Hill R, Bentley M
J Vasc Surg. 2011 Jun;53(6):1514-9. Epub 2011 Apr 22.
INTRODUCTION: Traditional open surgical repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a major procedure with a relatively high risk of perioperative morbidity. This article describes the results of minimally invasive open AAA repair through a transverse left upper quadrant minilaparotomy.
METHODS: Between January 2007 and June 2010, 83 consecutive patients (77 men) underwent elective or urgent repair of a nonruptured AAA through a horizontal transperitoneal left upper quadrant minilaparotomy. Postoperatively, patients were fast-tracked through a multidisciplinary recovery program.
RESULTS: Repairs were urgent in 15 patients (18%), and 10 (12%) had aortoiliac aneurysms. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores 1 to 4 were 3.6%, 44.6%, 42%, and 11%, respectively. Median (range) age was 73 (61-87) years, AAA size was 5.9 (5.1-10) cm, body mass index was 27 (19-39) kg/m(2), operation time was 150 (85-280) minutes, blood loss was 625 (200-4150) mL, critical care bed days was 1 (0-19), and hospital stay was 4 (2-88) days. Four (4.8%) patients returned to the operating theater within the same admission. No patients required conversion to full laparotomy and none had reintervention postdischarge. Two patients (2.4%) died in the hospital, and 18 (21.7%) had postoperative adverse events, ranging from urinary retention to myocardial infarction. New-onset atrial fibrillation was the commonest of these events (11, 13.3%). Respiratory tract infection incidence was low (4.8%). Incisional herniation developed in two patients (2.4%) at a median (range) follow-up of 10 (6-25) months. Correcting for age, cardiac complications were associated with increased odds of hospital stay>4 days (odds ratio [OR], 7.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12-52.42; P = .014). Correcting for ASA score, advancing age was associated with increased risk of cardiac complications (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.08-1.28; P = .001), whereas AAA screening (patient identified through screening) and maintaining higher intraoperative systolic pressure were both protective (OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.07-0.87; P = .018) and (OR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.89-0.98; P = .009), respectively.
CONCLUSION: Left upper quadrant minilaparotomy is a feasible minimally invasive approach to open AAA repair. This technique is associated with low morbidity and mortality and short hospital stay, particularly in patients identified through AAA screening.
Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Richard's Hospital, Chichester, United Kingdom. mail@hanyhafez.net