- Daniel T Dempsey, MD, FACS
Daniel T Dempsey, MD, FACS
- Professor of Surgery
- University of Pennsylvania
- Perelman School of Medicine
- Shefali Agrawal, MD, FACS
Shefali Agrawal, MD, FACS
- Senior Consultant, Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital
- Associate Professor of Surgery
- JLN Medical College
- Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Cholecystectomy is one of the most commonly performed abdominal surgical procedures. The laparoscopic approach is preferred due to documented physiologic, economic, and cosmetic benefits compared with the open approach. However, when laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not possible or cannot be completed safely, open cholecystectomy is indicated. Open cholecystectomy may also be performed as an integral part of another operation (eg, pancreaticoduodenectomy) or incidentally, if indicated, during another gastrointestinal operation (eg, colon resection). (See "Laparoscopic cholecystectomy" and "Complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy".)
This topic will review the technique of open cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is discussed in detail elsewhere. (See "Laparoscopic cholecystectomy".)
The indications for a cholecystectomy include:
●Acalculous cholecystitis (see "Acalculous cholecystitis: Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management").To continue reading this article, you must log in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. For more information on subscription options, click below on the option that best describes you:
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- Indications for open surgery
- - Conversion from laparoscopic operation
- - Absolute indications for open surgery
- - Relative indications for open surgery
- PREOPERATIVE EVALUATION
- Laboratory testing
- Preoperative imaging
- Prophylactic antibiotics
- GALLBLADDER ANATOMY
- OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY PROCEDURE
- Exposing the gallbladder
- Gallbladder dissection and removal
- - Top-down approach
- - Bottom-up approach
- - Unusual situations
- Intraoperative cholangiography
- Common bile duct exploration
- OPEN CHOLECYSTOSTOMY TUBE PLACEMENT
- POSTOPERATIVE CARE AND FOLLOW-UP
- PERIOPERATIVE MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY
- Bile leak
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS