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Obesity in adults: Dietary therapy

George A Bray, MD
Leigh Perreault, MD
Section Editor
F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, MD, MPH
Deputy Editor
Jean E Mulder, MD


The optimal management of overweight and obese patients requires a combination of diet, exercise, and behavioral modification. In addition, some patients eventually require pharmacologic therapy or bariatric surgery. The risk of overweight to the patient should be evaluated before beginning any treatment program (table 1). Selection of treatment can then be made using a risk-benefit assessment (algorithm 1). The choice of therapy is dependent on several factors, including the degree of overweight or obesity, comorbidities, and patient preference.

This topic will review the dietary therapy of obesity. Other aspects of treatment are discussed separately:

(See "Obesity in adults: Health consequences".)

(See "Obesity in adults: Overview of management".)

(See "Obesity in adults: Behavioral therapy".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Dec 13, 2017.
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