Noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis catheters
- Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP
Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP
- Professor of Medicine
- West Virginia University School of Medicine
- Jean L Holley, MD, FACP
Jean L Holley, MD, FACP
- Clinical Professor of Medicine
- University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
- Section Editor
- Steve J Schwab, MD
Steve J Schwab, MD
- Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
- Section Editor — Dialysis
- University of Tennessee Health Science Center
The most frequent and important complication of peritoneal dialysis catheters is infection, which may result in catheter loss and discontinuation of peritoneal dialysis [1,2]. However, some evidence suggests that the transfer to hemodialysis for these reasons may be decreasing. (See "Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis".)
There are also significant noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis catheters. These include [3,4]:
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- OUTFLOW FAILURE
- Clinical manifestations
- - Constipation
- - Fibrin clot
- - Malpositioned catheters
- - Catheter kinking
- - Abdominal exploration
- PERICATHETER LEAKAGE
- Clinical manifestations
- CATHETER CUFF EXTRUSION
- INTESTINAL PERFORATION
- Clinical presentation
- ABDOMINAL SURGERY
- INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS
- SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS