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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 9

of 'Neonatal acute kidney injury: Evaluation, management, and prognosis'

Drug-induced acute kidney injury in neonates.
Hanna MH, Askenazi DJ, Selewski DT
Curr Opin Pediatr. 2016;28(2):180.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality in critically ill neonates. Nephrotoxic medication exposure is common in neonates. Nephrotoxicity represents the most potentially avoidable cause of AKI in this population.
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in critically ill children revealed the importance of recognizing AKI and potentially modifiable risk factors for the development of AKI such as nephrotoxic medication exposures. Data from critically ill children who have AKI suggest that survivors are at risk for the development of chronic kidney disease. Premature infants are born with incomplete nephrogenesis and are at risk for chronic kidney disease. The use of nephrotoxic medications in the neonatal intensive care unit is very common; yet the effects of medication nephrotoxicity on the short and long-term outcomes remains highly understudied.
SUMMARY: The neonatal kidneyis predisposed to nephrotoxic AKI. Our ability to improve outcomes for this vulnerable group depends on a heightened awareness of this issue. It is important for clinicians to develop methods to minimize and prevent nephrotoxic AKI in neonates through a multidisciplinary approach aiming at earlier recognition and close monitoring of nephrotoxin-induced AKI.
aDivision of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky bDivision of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama cDivision of Nephrology, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.