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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 35

of 'Measurement of cortisol in serum and saliva'

A simple method for the assay of eight steroids in small volumes of plasma.
Anderson DC, Hopper BR, Lasley BL, Yen SS
Steroids. 1976;28(2):179.
A simple method is described for the simultaneous radioligand assay of four delta5-3beta-hydroxysteroids adjacent to one another on the biosynthetic pathway (pregnenolone [1], 17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone, dehydroepiandrosterone and 5-androsterone-3beta, 17beta-diol), and their four delta4-3keto products (progesterone, 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, 4-androstene-3, 17-dione and testosterone). Two plasma aliquots are extracted and fractionated each for four steroids and individual corrections are made for losses. For fractionation, maximum use is made of the high resolution and reproducibility of celite minicolumns, using propylene glycol as stationary phase, and a discontinuous gradient of ethyl acetate in iso-octane as mobile phase. The fractions are then assayed in the appropriate radioligand end-assay system. Each assay was finally validated by demonstrating coincidence of peaks of immuno- and radioactive steroid in extracts of female plasma. Results in pre-pubertal girls and women in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle suggest that the major change in adrenal steroid production at puberty may be an increase in 17, 20-desmolase activity. There appears to be little reversal of this change in adrenal function after ovariectomy.