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Medline ® Abstract for Reference 67

of 'Maternal adaptations to pregnancy: Hematologic changes'

D-dimer plasma levels during normal pregnancy measured by specific ELISA.
Francalanci I, Comeglio P, Alessandrello Liotta A, Cellai AP, Fedi S, Parretti E, Mecacci F, Mello G, Prisco D, Abbate R
Int J Clin Lab Res. 1997;27(1):65.
A progressive increase in D-dimer plasma levels together with an increase in fibrinogen has been previously reported during normal pregnancy. However, significantly different D-dimer levels have been observed in different assays, due to different specificity of the antibodies employed. The aim of this study was to verify the increase in fibrin degradation product levels during normal pregnancy, using a recently introduced specific D-dimer ELISA. We determined D-dimer (ELISA) and fibrinogen (clotting method) plasma levels in 63 normal pregnant women, during three different periods of pregnancy (A, 7-20 weeks; B, 21-30 weeks; C,>30 weeks). During period A, D-dimer plasma levels (range 2-103 ng/ml) showed an insignificant increase compared with a control group of non-pregnant women (range 2-73 ng/ml). During periods B and C, we observed an increase in D-dimer level (P<0.0001) compared with period A, with a significant correlation between D-dimer levels and gestational age (P<0.0001). Period A fibrinogen levels (range 3.24-6.43 g/l) were significantly higher (P<0.0001) than in controls (range 2.31-4.71 g/l), with a further increase in periods B and C. In conclusion, we confirmed a progressive increase in plasma concentrations of fibrin degradation product during normal pregnancy, but D-dimer levels were significantly lower than those reported in the literature for other ELISAs.
Istituto di Clinica Medica Generale e Cardiologia, University of Florence, Italy.