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Management of nonoccupational exposures to HIV and hepatitis B and C in adults

Judith A Aberg, MD
Demetre C Daskalakis, MD, MPH
Section Editor
John G Bartlett, MD
Deputy Editor
Jennifer Mitty, MD, MPH


Patients who are potentially exposed to HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) through a nonoccupational exposure or injury are at risk for acquiring infection. Patients can be exposed through sexual contact or through exposure to infected blood (or blood-contaminated body fluids). Post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV and HBV may reduce the risk of transmission if administered soon after the exposure.

The management of adults with a potential nonoccupational exposure to HIV, HBV, and HCV are reviewed here. Detailed discussions of the risk of transmission after exposure to these pathogens, the management of occupational exposures, and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission are found elsewhere:

(See "HIV infection: Risk factors and prevention strategies".)

(See "Risk of HIV from blood transfusion".)

(See "Prevention of hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection among healthcare providers".)

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Oct 27, 2016.
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