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Management of deeply engaged and floating fetal presentations at cesarean delivery

James Greenberg, MD
Section Editor
Vincenzo Berghella, MD
Deputy Editor
Vanessa A Barss, MD, FACOG


Fetal extraction is difficult in 1 to 2 percent of cesarean deliveries [1]. Causes include:

Impacted fetal head

Floating fetal head

Extremely low birth weight fetus

Breech or transverse fetal lie

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Literature review current through: Nov 2017. | This topic last updated: Jul 18, 2017.
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