Official reprint from UpToDate®
www.uptodate.com ©2017 UpToDate, Inc. and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Medline ® Abstract for Reference 145

of 'Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: Epidemiology and immunopathogenesis'

Selective recruitment of polarized T cells expressing CCR5 and CXCR3 to the inflamed joints of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
Wedderburn LR, Robinson N, Patel A, Varsani H, Woo P
Arthritis Rheum. 2000;43(4):765.
OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR3 and the Th1/Th2 cytokine balance in children with oligoarticular or polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).
METHODS: Using 3-color immunofluorescence, we studied the expression of CCR5 and CXCR3 on, and T cell cytokine production by, paired samples of synovial fluid (SF) and peripheral blood (PB) T cells from 20 patients with oligoarticular- or polyarticular-onset JIA. Chemokine and cytokine phenotypes were also compared within the CD45RO+,CD3+ subsets. CCR5 genotypes were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction typing and sequencing.
RESULTS: In the majority of samples, the number of T cells that were CCR5+ and CXCR3+ was higher in SF than in PB, and this difference was significant. One child was homozygous for the null A32 CCR5 allele; 4 others had lower expression of CXCR3 in SF than in blood. All samples showed strongly Th1-type cytokine production by synovial T cells compared with that by PB T cells. Both features were also markedly polarized within the synovial CD45RO+ subset compared with PB CD45RO+ T cells.
CONCLUSION: The high expression of CCR5 and CXCR3 and high interferon-gamma:interleukin-4 ratios suggest a type 1 phenotype of SF T cells in JIA. The difference between CD45RO+ T cells from SF and from PB suggests that specific activation events have occurred in synovial T cells. We suggest that the highly activated, Th1-type phenotype of T cells within the chronically inflamed joints of children with JIA may reflect specific recruitment events that contribute to the polarization of these cells.
Department of Molecular Pathology, University College, London, UK.